According to occupational health and safety regulations, construction sites should have clear signage at points of entry and strategic places within the worksite. Usually, violations of these regulations often come with sanctions. Like not wearing a hardhat while entering a construction site, failing to use personal protective equipment or operating a crane without a licence. Apart from the hazards that come with not abiding by safety precautions, these are ways of avoiding common safety risks in the workplace.
Have a First Aid Kit
The first aid is an initial treatment that an injured or sick person receives before a proper examination by medical experts. An updated first aid kit will contain medications that are not expired. Also, the first aid kit should be very accessible, and a qualified aid officer has to train workers on how to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Since it’s not easy to know what type of accident might occur, the kit should have medications and items that can handle any emergency. Some everyday things in a first aid kit are bandages, ointment, painkillers, and disinfectant.
Conduct Inductions for New Workers
An induction is a training program for new workers and new staff. You cannot start work operations without getting an induction from the safety supervisor. Apart from teaching workers how to reduce the risk of a hazard in construction sites, the training can help them to handle heavy machinery safely. Crane hire companies especially, implement these sort of procedures because an accident involving a crane (heavy machinery) can be detrimental. Construction inductions also involves courses on health, safety, and environment. The induction process is essential and can be recommended for existing staff when there’s a new safety policy.
Use clear signage
With safety information for workers and visitors on signage, and at strategic locations of the construction site; workers and visitors will learn to minimise hazards. While following procedures on the signage, they can prevent falls, and adhere to safety regulations. Caution signs and safety rules should be printed with reflective films that can be seen from a distance. Also, symptoms and procedures should be legible.
Generally, workers that use scaffold, extendable boom, and aerial lift platforms often face the hazards of falling at construction sites. Falling objects can strike workers on the ground; therefore, to reduce the risk of on-site fatalities, management should implement fall-protection systems and personal protective equipment. Additionally, the safety supervisor can apply the use of material like the fall arrest systems, safety cords, guardrails, and safety nets.
Enforce the Use of PPE
It’s the employer’s responsibility to provide personal protective equipment (PPE) to all employees. Risk assessment in construction sites often shows that using PPE minimises fatalities from hazards. Usually, hard hats and boots are common PPEs at the construction site. During work operations, hazards from stationary, falling, and flying objects can be avoided when workers use PPE. While wearing hand gloves prevent electrical shocks, and earplugs minimise the risk of deafness from noise machines. However, construction workers should be penalised when they fail to wear required PPE during work operations.
The use of muster points is not limited to construction sites’ safety, but in all workplaces. When there’s an emergency like a fire outbreak or building collapse, the muster point a safe place for assembling everyone. Usually, muster points are sited close to entry or exit points of a building. It’s a specific area that the team’s leader or safety manager conducts a headcount of workers before planning a rescue operation. So, access to the muster point should be free from both human and machinery traffic.
Ensure Site Security
Security is part of safety precaution in every place of work or residence. By granting unhindered access to the construction site, workers or visitors can compromise security standards. Apart from equipment theft, there could be damage or the risk of injuring other people when security is compromised.